Is there such a thing as dog breeds with black gums? Well, you’ll be quite surprised to know that the answer to this question is “yes.” Most dog breeds have light pink gums and if you notice any dark coloration, black patches or black gums, then this could be a sign of some infection or disease.
However, in some dogs, a black mouth and black gums are perfectly normal and healthy and in fact, a part of the genetic makeup of the breed. In this article, we will discuss some of the popular dog breeds that have black gums.
1. Labrador Retrievers
Traditionally waterdogs of Newfoundland, Labrador Retrievers helped fishermen to haul nets, retrieve fish and fetch ropes. Generally, Labradors are 21.5 to 24.5 inches tall and weigh around 55 to 80 lb. They come in 3 colors—yellow, black and chocolate.
It is normal for yellow and black labs to have black-colored gums, while chocolate labs usually have pink gums. Highly energetic dogs with friendly, eager to please, sweet and loyal temperaments, it is no wonder that Labradors are huge favorites and are very popular family dogs.
2. Chow Chow
Around 17 to 20 inches tall and weighing around 40 to 70 lb, Chow Chows with their distinctive looks are native to China. These compactly built dogs with an aristocratic bearing are aloof, dignified and serious looking.
Chow Chows come in various colors including blue, red, black, cream and cinnamon, with a distinctive shaggy ruff around their head and shoulders like a lion’s mane, deep-set almond-shaped eyes that add to their snobbish expression and a blue-black tongue.
When they are born, Chow Chows have pink tongues; however, when they become 8 to 10 weeks old, their tongue turns blue-black. In fact, today, the breed standard requirement for a pure-bred Chow Chow is its signature blue-black tongue.
Originally bred to herd cattle and pull wagons, Rottweilers are robust, working dogs. These dogs with muscular build typically grow to a height of 22-27 inches and weigh around 85 to 130 lb.
With their short, gleaming black coat and rust markings, the smart-looking Rottie has characteristic blackish-gray-colored or spotted black gums with all-black-colored jowls.
While they have brutish, imposing looks with a calm, confident and aloof demeanor, Rotties are not aggressive and are rather playful, protective and loyal dogs.
Just around 6 to 7 inches in height and weighing between 3 to 7 lb, the cute and adorable Pomeranian is a popular toy breed all across the world.
With its small build, foxy and ever-smiling face, lively “big-dog” personality and fluffy coat, the Pom is the perfect family pet.
The breed comes in different colors brown, black, red, blue, cream, orange, fawn, sable, orange, brindle, spotted, parti and a mix of colors.
These intelligent dogs are alert, can be easily trained and make excellent guard dogs. They love playing, love kids and make excellent companions.
5. Curly-Coated Retriever
One of the oldest retriever breeds, Curly-Coated Retrievers were owned by hunters, gamekeepers and poachers and helped to retrieve game from water and land.
Originally bred in England, this dog breed stands apart from the other retrievers because of its height, as well as its dense, curly coat, which helps to protect the dogs from water, thorns, burrs and brambles.
These big dogs are graceful and elegant with a wedge-shaped head and generally come in black or reddish-brown colors with solid black or spotted black gums and jowls and a pink tongue.
Highly energetic, Curly-Coated Retrievers are smart, playful and mischievous, which makes them adorable pets.
6. Australian Shepherd Dog
Bred to herd sheep originally, the Australian Shepherd Dog was common on farms, ranches, rodeos and associated with the cowboy way of life.
The medium-sized, lean dog grows to a height of around 18 to 23 inches and weighs around 40 to 65 lb.
High on energy, the Australian Shephard is intelligent, as well as hard working. The breed is characterized by its unique medium-length merle patterned coat, amber-colored eyes and solid black or spotted black gums and jowls and the roof of its mouth is also black.
7. Staffordshire Bull Terrier
With its muscular stature, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred in England originally in the 19th century as a fighting dog. While today, the breed makes a wonderful family companion, it still retains its tenacity and courage. The compact and muscular dog is not very tall and typically grows to around 14 to 16 inches high and weighs between 24-38 lb.
The breed has a short, tight coat, which comes in varying colors and some dogs have black hair on their muzzles and black gums. Some dogs may just have black spots on their gums. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a sweet temperament, loyal and is family-oriented, making them great nanny dogs for kids.
8. Golden Retriever
Among the most popular dogs in the U.S., Golden Retrievers were bred in Scotland as gun dogs. These highly intelligent dogs are sociable, friendly and loyal. Goldens are around 21.5 to 24 inches tall and weigh around 55 to 75 lb.
Characterized by their gorgeous golden fur, these sturdily-built, muscular, medium-sized dogs have a broad head, intelligent friendly eyes, a feathery tail, short ears and a black mouth, which is typical of the breed.
Eager to please, Goldens are playful and outgoing dogs and love to play, making them great family pets.
9. German Shepherd
Among the most popular dog breeds in the U.S., the German Shepherd Dog, commonly known as GSD is a large, muscular and agile dog. Native to Germany, the GSD was bred for herding sheep and was originally known as the Alsatian Wolf Dog in the U.K.
Highly intelligent, the breed is known for its confidence, courageous nature, loyalty and being an all-rounder. The GSD comes in different colors like all black, red and black, tan and black, silver and all white.
However, whatever color the dog may be, they have black gums and jaws, a black or blue-black tongue and most of the dogs have black-roofed mouths.
10. Doberman Pinscher
Native to 19th century Germany, Doberman Pinschers were mainly used as guard dogs. With their keen intelligence, powerful physique, sleek and regal bearing, the Doberman is indeed a royal breed. The breed’s muscular build, fearless and always alert characteristics make it among the world’s best guard dogs.
The Doberman is around 24 to 28 inches tall and weighs around 60-80 lb. The breed has a sleek body with a gleaming coat and comes in different colors like black, fawn, blue and red with rust-colored markings, a wedge-shaped head and very commonly has black gums.
11. Chinese Shar-Pei
Originally from southern China, the Chinese Shar-Pei is an ancient dog breed. Bred to hunt, herd, guard and fight, these mid-sized dogs are devoted to their families and their protective nature makes them excellent guard dogs.
The Chinese Shar-Pei has a compact body and a blend of odd physical features such as a “hippopotamus” shaped head, small triangular ears, tiny sunken eyes, a blue-black-colored tongue, black gums, a wrinkly coat with plenty of wrinkles around the head, shoulders and neck and a surly expression.
Originally from Newfoundland in Canada, the Newfoundland Dog or Newfie is a strong, large-sized dog that was originally used as a working dog to haul wood from the forests and pull nets for fishermen. The massive and powerful dog breed grows to a height of around 28 inches and weighs around 100 to 150 lb.
The Newfie has a thick double coat that comes in different colors like black, gray, brown or black and white It has webbed feet, droopy jowls and black gums. Despite its massive size, the Newfie has a soft, soulful expression and a sweet disposition, making it a patient “nanny dog” for families with kids.