6 Types of Dutch Dog Breeds (With Pictures)

If you are curious about dogs from the Netherlands, you’ve come to the right place. Some of them are extremely cute and it’s worth getting to know them better. So, here’s a list of five Dutch dog breeds. Take a look.

6 Dutch Dog Breeds

1. Dutch Shepherd

Dutch dog breeds

The Dutch Shepherd has been around for a very long time. This dog is particularly famous for its ability to herd sheep and also be a guardian dog. This is a nice family dog and has a reputation of being quite a hard worker too. This dog was recognized as a breed over 100 years ago and in all these years it has, surprisingly, not changed that much.

The Dutch Shepherd is also good at multitasking. Luckily, when you combine it with the fact that it is also easy to train, you have a dog that is ready for almost any task at hand. Interestingly, this dog almost went extinct during World War II.

Back in the 19th century, when sheep extensively roamed the rural Netherlands, this was an extremely useful dog to keep the flock of sheep in one place. So, it was preserved as a cultural heritage by the breed club of the Netherlands. Today, it is easily found in the US and the UK.

The Dutch Shepherd is a dog of independent nature and does a good job minding its own business.

These dogs have a rough coat that can be short or long. The color can be salt and pepper, blue and grey or gold, silver brindle. Of late, it is found in dog sports.

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2. Dutch Smoushond

This dog was very well known in Amsterdam in the 19th century. The Dutch Smoushond is related to Pinschers and Schnauzers and is a small dog. In fact, it is one of the smallest Dutch dogs and was used to hunt rats. It gets along quite well with horses which means it can be kept in the stables too.

At the beginning of the 20th century, an attempt was made to breed it but that did not take off and the dog became extinct. But in 1973, another breeding program was started with the breed’s physical and mental health being the priority.

The Dutch Smoushond was then reconstructed and the result was an active companion dog. It is about 13 to 16 inches tall and is never heavier than 20 pounds. It has a rough coat in straw color and is called a “rare breed” almost never found outside the Netherlands.

3. Keeshond

The Keeshond is an ancient breed with origins that are said to date back to the 16th century. It is believed to be related to the German Wolfspitz. Also called the Dutch Barge Dog, this breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1930.

These dogs have a double coat that is black and silver in color. It is a healthy and intelligent dog that is actually a little tough to train very well. That is just another reason to train it from a young age.

Back in the day, it was used to guard cargo items on barges which is where it gets its alternate name from. This dog is also noisy and known to bark plenty at strangers because it is cautious. But the dog is also alert, loyal and enthusiastic about learning.

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The Keeshond is also good with children and other dogs which makes it a good house pet for those with children and more dogs.

4. Stabyhoun

The Stabyhoun is actually one of the rarest breeds in the whole world. It is originally believed to be a descendent of the Spanish Spaniel breed and was developed in the 19th century in the Frisian forest in the southeast Netherlands.

This dog has even been mentioned in Dutch literature that dates back to the early 1800s. It is a working dog that can be trained to perform almost any task. And it is not too tough to train them because these are gentle dogs that are eager to please their humans. They are a versatile pet that likes a good deal of physical activity.

These dogs are also known for their obedience and intelligence which is a great combination in a pet. They are good with other animals, especially dogs and also children which makes them the ideal family dog.

5. Kooikerhondje

This is yet another old dog breed from the Netherlands. In the 17th century, it was featured in many paintings of their masters, notably the works of Rembrandt and Jan Steen, where it was shown as a companion dog. And to date, it is an excellent family dog.

This dog has a white point on its tail. The Kooikerhondje wags its tail and attracts the attention of herds of ducks. Back in the day, this particular talent was put to good use for luring ducks and hunting them on a large scale for their meat. But it is small in size and that is why it is also referred to as the small cager dog.

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Today, most of them are pets that still need an active physical life. They are friendly, cheerful, sweet-natured and social dogs. And even without training these dogs usually behave themselves which is a bonus for first-time dog parents.

Their coat is orange in color, possibly with red plates which makes them an interesting breed just to look at. And maybe because they are so affable, these dogs are quickly becoming quite popular in the US.

6. Markiesje

This is a small, furry dog that is also called the Dutch Tulip Hound. It is also an old breed that has been seen in paintings from the 17th century. Today, it is a companion dog and is really rare outside the Netherlands. In the late 1970s, the breed club recognized this and made attempts to keep it from extinction.

Despite the size, this is an active dog that needs lots of exercises to be healthy and happy. It is also an elegant one with black fur and a few small white marks.