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Learn how to care for Shih Tzu puppies, one of the most popular dogs breeds in the world. These furry, affectionate, and protective dogs are the ideal company for young and old.
However, it is important not only to know their needs and care but also to learn to tame their character (which can become unsociable and territorial if not properly channeled).
If this pet has arrived at your house and you want to learn everything about the care of the breed, then keep reading because we will explain how to take care of a Shih Tzu so that they live healthy and happy.
How to Care for Shih Tzu Puppies – Steps to Follow
In addition to offering them a quality diet appropriate to their age, it is important that you focus on the proper care of this breed.
Shih Tzu are a long-lived breed that can reach 15 years of age or older, provided they receive adequate care and attention. This dog, originally from Tibet, has a loving character with its owners.
It loves to be in the company of the family and is very open to games and fun, so it usually gets along well with children. However, if they are not properly trained, they can be suspicious of strangers, overly protective, and a little distrustful, which becomes a problem when we bring people home.
To avoid this, it is best to socialize them from puppy age. That is why it is recommended to take the dog for a walk, allow them to play with other animals and get used to the presence of strangers.
This will help to turn them into an animal with a more given and friendly character.
Although it is a small breed, you should know that the Shih Tzu loves walks, going out, running, and playing outdoors.
So, it is highly recommended that you take them out of the house as soon as they have their basic complete vaccinations. This will also help, as we explained in the previous step, to socialize with people and animals.
Give your animal the opportunity to do at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. Apart from that, it is advisable that you take them out 3 times a day to do their basic needs.
Keep in mind that due to the shape of their snout, this breed can suffer respiratory problems, so they should never go out in the hottest hours of the day and should be kept properly hydrated during their walks.
Although the Shih Tzu has very short hair during the first weeks of life, from the seventh it will begin to grow. Despite their large mane, this animal does not shed hair, which is great news for cleaning the home. However, it requires important care.
To begin with, it is important that, from a puppy, you accustom your animal to brushing, which you must do at least every two days to avoid the formation of knots and to ensure that they are not infected by parasites.
It is also necessary that you cut their hair with a certain frequency. It is recommended to pin their bangs to favor your vision in case you do not want to cut the fur in that area.
Another aspect that deserves attention when it comes to caring for a Shih Tzu are their eyes. This area is delicate and can be prone to the accumulation of licks and dirt. It is advisable to clean their eyes daily or every other day with a damp cloth.
You can use this same cloth to remove any residue of food or dirt that may have remained from their face.
Their nails also require attention, cutting them approximately every month. If they grow too large, they could cause damage to the animal in their delicate eyes while handling them.
A frequent question that owners of this breed ask themselves is how often to bathe the dog. The answer will depend on several factors:
- The length of the animal's hair
- Whether you brush it or not
- If the dog goes outside or is always at home.
A short-haired dog that never leaves the house can bathe every 6 to 8 weeks, if the hair is medium between 4 and 6 weeks, but if it is long and the dog also goes for a walk outside, then it will be necessary to bathe him once a month.
In the case of having long hair, it must always be perfectly untangled before bathing to avoid annoying knots.
Of course, and as with any other breed, Shih Tzu appreciate being cared for, paying attention to them, and giving them all the love in the world.
But it is important that this love does not translate into sweets, excess food or giving food for human consumption, as this breed is prone to obesity so overfeeding them will only lead to creating a vice in which your pet will constantly ask for food, in addition to affecting your health.
In addition to learning how to care for Shih Tzu puppies, it is important that you take your pet to veterinary check-ups.
Ensure that they receive all their vaccines and that you provide them with good food and a loving environment so that it can grow up healthy and happy, keeping you company for years to come.