6 Hints How to Know if Your Dog Has a UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)

Urinary tract infections are not disorders that only humans suffer. Urinary tract infection in dogs is a common complication with a few associated causes. We explain what is urinary tract infection (UTI), how to know if your dog has a UTI, what can be done to treat it, and what steps to take to prevent UTI in your dog.

how to know if your dog has a UTI

In their daily lives, dogs face numerous external agents that can endanger their health. The urinary system faces the complex and dreaded urinary tract infection in dogs.

Do we know why this disorder develops? Do we have any option to prevent this disease in dogs? Is the treatment complex? We answer all these questions and explain in detail what a urinary tract infection in dogs consists of.

What is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Dogs?

Every dog ​​is exposed to urinary tract infection, however, the hygiene of the pet and the diet, among other factors, will influence the development of this urinary disorder. It is a disease that affects the apparatus in charge of eliminating toxins and other wastes that the body does not need.

Urinary tract infection is a process caused by microorganisms, which enter the dog’s body from outside. The external agents that usually cause these healthy complications are – most of the time – bacteria, which enter the canine body through the genitals.

Depending on the depth that these microorganisms reach in the excretory system of the dog, the disease caused by them will be different. In the next section, we detail the diseases that a urinary tract infection can involve.

13 Symptoms How To Tell If A Dog Has Cancer

Diseases Caused by UTI

In those cases in which the pathogenic microorganisms settle within the urinary system of the dog, the urinary tract infection appears. However, depending on the area in which they settle, the diseases they cause will be different. Below you can consider the disorders according to the affected area:

  • Cystitis – It is the disease most associated with UTI in dogs. Cystitis consists of a bladder infection and can affect any dog, regardless of age – puppies are not protected from this threat.
  • Urethritis – Although cystitis is the most common, it is not the only disease caused by a UTI. Urethritis is another typology and affects the urethra.
  • Nephritis or pyelonephritis – The kidneys can also suffer an infection inside by the entry of microorganisms, which would cause the so-called nephritis. It forms what is known as an upper urinary tract infection.
  • Prostatitis – Infection of the prostate can also be caused by urine full of harmful bacteria. One of the best ways to avoid this type of infection is by neutering the dog. Consult all the information about neutering and spaying dogs.

How to Know if Your Dog Has a UTI

The symptoms of urinary tract infection in dogs, sometimes, are not easy to detect, since the dog does not have them so present in its body.

However, it is normal for the pet to carry out some type of behavior or action that gives us the clue of one of the diseases mentioned in the previous section. It goes without saying that symptoms will vary depending on where the infection occurred.

Change in urination frequency

Looking at the urination routine of our pet can help us discover if it suffers from some type of urinary tract infection. For example, it is normal for a dog with a urinary disorder to increase the frequency of urination.

However, even if it urinates more times, this does not mean that it will pass more fluids. Dogs with UTI urinate by straining more than normal and usually expel very small amounts of urine. It is also possible to consider the uncomfortable dog when urinating.

Tartar in Dogs: Tips for Removal and Prevention

Change in urine characteristics

Not only can we look at the frequency with which the dog urinates, but the characteristics of said urine are also important. The urine of a dog with UTI is usually more cloudy and has a very unpleasant odor. Also, the urine is sometimes darker in color when accompanied by blood.

Urinating in inappropriate places

If your pet used to always urinate outside the home and now urinates in closed places where he knows he should not, these miscalculations may be caused by a urinary tract infection in dogs. Pay attention to this detail!

Genital itching and irritation

The fact of having a urinary tract infection also causes irritation and itching in the area where it is expelled. The genitals suffer greatly when the dog suffers from this type of disorder. For this reason, it is not strange to see continuous scratching – through licking or clawing – in the area by the animal.


These urinary disorders can also lead to another worrying symptom: fever. When our faithful companion exceeds 38-39ºC of body temperature, he will reach a fever that must be countered as soon as possible. Find out how to tell if dog has fever without thermometer.

Depression and anxiety

The feeling of anguish when having an infection supposes depression and anxiety in the dog’s organism. And how to detect this state of mind of the animal? Excessive panting, being uncomfortable in that situation may be a sign, although this symptom is also related to heatstroke. Read about how to tell if a dog is overheated.

Anxiety is a complex sensation that the dog experiences, therefore, we recommend that you read all the information about this harsh disorder that your dog can go through.

How to Know If Dog Has Ringworm

What Can I Give My Dog for a Urinary Tract Infection?

In these types of situations, it is normal that we want a fast and effective treatment for our pet. To achieve this goal, the first thing we must do is go to our trusted veterinarian.

Once it is verified that the dog has a urinary tract infection, the veterinarian will prescribe the most specific and effective medication against this health problem. The professional’s suggestions are usually an antibiotic and certain anti-inflammatories to calm the pain.

Other parameters must be taken care of by the owner. We are talking about feeding and hydration, which are essential for the recovery of the dog to be as soon as possible since they will help to clean the urinary system.

How to Prevent UTI in Dogs

Before curing, the best without a doubt is prevention. For this reason, it is essential to take care of vital points as important as hydration and feeding of our pet. Drinking plenty of water a day is one of the main points so that the UTI is far from our dog.

The daily walks should be numerous so that the dog can urinate on several occasions. The holding of urine inside the body does nothing to prevent UTI. Therefore, allow your dog to relieve himself three or four times a day.

Another point that can prevent the emergence of UTI in dogs is neutering. Certain disorders of this type such as prostatitis can be avoided by carrying out this technique on dogs.

Once you know the symptoms, preventions and treatments of UTI in dogs, you only need to put them into action to give your dog great health.

Important: This article is for informational purposes only. We always recommend that you go to a trusted vet with your pet first.