Bloody ear wounds are usually caused by tears, cuts, or bites. Such wounds often start bleeding again and again when the dog shakes his head. If you are facing this situation, you need to know how to stop a dog's ear from bleeding.
- 1 How to Stop a Dog's Ear from Bleeding
- 2 Ear Hematoma in Dogs
How to Stop a Dog's Ear from Bleeding
To stop a dog's ear from bleeding, a head bandage should be applied to larger and heavily bleeding wounds. Before applying the bandage, the wound should be rinsed with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
Then, put a sterile wound compress on the wound and press the auricle together. Next, pad the head with cotton wool and fold the ear up onto the head. The inside of the auricle should now also be padded with cotton.
When you are alone, you can fix this bandage with a cut off a women's stocking by pulling it over your dog's head like a cap. Even though this creates a fixation, you should still put on a proper head bandage with a wide or elastic bandage and attach it to the dog's coat with adhesive tape.
Summary: how to stop bleeding on a dog's ear?
- Rinse the wound with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
- Press the sterile wound compress onto the wound and auricle.
- Pad the inner and outer surface of the auricle with cotton wool.
- To fix it, you can pull a cut off a women's stocking over the dog's head.
- Put on a head bandage with a wide or elastic bandage and attach it to the dog's coat with adhesive tape.
- Bring the dog to the vet.
Ear Hematoma in Dogs
A bruise in the auricle can be caused by striking or a blow, and also by massive scratching. As a result, blood vessels burst in the auricle and this can sometimes thicken considerably. This then feels like a pillow of water. We call this bruise an ear hematoma.
What causes ear hematoma in dogs?
An ear hematoma can have multiple causes and is often sudden. One day there is nothing wrong, but the next day the dog has a very thick ear. An ear consists mainly of cartilage. Many blood vessels run in between. When these blood vessels start to bleed, the ear can fill with blood. This can have several causes. The most common causes are:
- Too much shaking of the head
- Scratching of the ears
- An ear infection
Symptoms of ear hematoma in dogs
An ear hematoma is often easily identified by the following symptoms:
- A thick/swollen ear that is often warm
- Hanging ear
- Tilting the head
- Scratching the ears and shaking the head
- The thickening can be pressed.
How to diagnose ear hematomas
An ear hematoma is very clearly recognizable. In general, a diagnosis from a veterinarian is not necessary for this. However, this is not to say that a visit to the vet is unnecessary. It is therefore wise to call a vet immediately to make an appointment.
How to treat ear hematoma in dogs
Take care to avoid further scratching and shaking by your dog, and press an ice pack lightly on the wound to prevent further bleeding. You can clarify with the veterinarian whether and how further treatment should be carried out.
In principle, the dog's body will eventually clear up the blood accumulation itself, but it is not wise to wait and delay treatment. The body's own recovery takes a long time and a ‘cauliflower ear' can develop. This has to do with the connective tissue formation that occurs when the body has to clean up the blood itself. This connective tissue is, as it were, contracted during healing, which narrows the ear canal and increases the risk of future ear infections.
That is why it is important to go to the vet with an ear hematoma. Often an ear hematoma can be punctured and drained by means of a needle. In other cases, the vet may also choose to surgically treat the ear hematoma.
When should I go to the vet?
An ear hematoma is not urgent, because the ear is often still filling up when the hematoma is discovered. However, it is advisable to call the vet. The vet will probably want to see the animal for a check-up, after which an appointment will be made to remove the bleeding.
What is the prognosis?
In general, a dog will recover well from an ear hematoma. A vet can best determine which treatment is most appropriate. However, there is a chance that the ear will fill with blood again after treatment by a veterinarian. This depends on the treatment and the recovery of the treatment. If necessary, treatment can be repeated.
How can an ear hematoma be prevented?
The animal causes it itself by scratching or shaking its head. Prevention is therefore difficult, but if there is a clear cause for, for example, shaking the head or scratching the ear, it is important to do something about it. Think of an ear infection or allergic reaction that causes itching.
What medications are there?
During a surgical procedure antibiotics such as Amoxycillin will be given. Painkillers are sufficient without intervention, for example, corticosteroids are given. Corticosteroids have an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and fever-lowering effect.
Important: This article is for informational purposes only. We always recommend that you go to a trusted vet with your pet first.