Does your dog have parvovirus disease? This article aims to guide you on how to tell if a puppy has parvo, how to take care of a dog with parvo, and how to get rid of parvo in dogs.
Do you have a faithful friend who is sick with parvovirus and you want to know if the treatment is working? It is normal that you feel this way and for you to have doubts, since what you want most is that he recovers soon. Next we will show you all the necessary information about this virus, including also how you can know if the animal is in the recovery phase.
- 1 How do Dogs Get Parvo?
- 2 How to Tell if a Puppy Has Parvo
- 3 How to Get Rid of Parvo in Dogs
- 4 How to Take Care of a Dog with Parvo
- 5 How Long Does it Take a Dog to Recover from Parvo?
- 6 Can a Dog Survive Parvo?
- 7 Recovery After Illness
- 8 How to Get Rid of Parvo in the House?
- 9 How to Prevent Your Dog from Getting Parvo
How do Dogs Get Parvo?
The canine parvovirus is an infectious disease that seriously affects the health of dogs. It occurs as a consequence of the infection in the body of a virus from the Parvoviridae family. After it comes into contact with the body, the virus moves through all organs causing it to become a systemic disease. It can seriously affect the nervous system, gastrointestinal system, heart, and red blood cell count.
The population most at risk are puppies that are between the ages of 2 and 12 months. The main reason is in those months the immune system of the animal is very immature.
Another factor that makes dogs vulnerable to this disease is poor nutrition. But it is also very dangerous if the dog lives in unsanitary conditions, with massive parasites, or it has not received the vaccine against parvovirus.
Transmission of this virus can occur in many ways. The first and main cause of infection is the consumption of feces. On many occasions, pets take the bad habit of eating their excrement or that of another animal. This practice causes a strong contagion of the virus.
Another way to acquire the disease is through physical contact with other infected animals. This is a highly contagious disease, which supports living in harsh environments for a long time. Even passing through a geographic space in which an infected person has been becomes potentially dangerous for the animal.
The third way to acquire the virus is through the legs and fur. Thus proving that the chances of contagion are incredibly high. Therefore this situation should not be unknown among dog owners.
How to Tell if a Puppy Has Parvo
Knowing the symptoms will help you greatly to control the situation in time. It is of interest to emphasize that many of the signs of the disease can be confused with other pathologies. Hence the vital importance of consulting with an expert veterinarian about the situation your pet is experiencing.
Some of the most common symptoms of puppies with parvo are:
The situations mentioned above can vary from puppy to puppy. In addition to the fact that the symptoms are likely to be accompanied by other physical ailments or those that occur become voraciously acute.
How to Get Rid of Parvo in Dogs
The treatments that experts prescribe to their patients depend on the condition they are in. They lie in their own professional judgment and work ethic. In most cases, the situation is treated with antibiotics to fight the virus and bacteria. But medications for vomiting, diarrhea, and fever are also used.
One of the medical treatments is fluid therapy. It consists of placing a series of special serums to replace the fluids lost during the disease. A last additional option is blood transfusions, due to the anemia that the dog could present. Despite not being very common, this treatment is practiced in some veterinary clinics.
Additionally, isolation is added to therapeutic methods. In this way, the dog will not be able to be in contact with another animal. Thus, their health status is not complicated and helping other dogs not to be infected.
How to Take Care of a Dog with Parvo
From the moment the puppy contracts the disease until he recovers, he goes through very hard and difficult days. The aches and pains may get worse without proper care. Making every day immensely difficult for the dog.
Even if he is receiving adequate treatment from the vet, he is not exempt from having difficult periods. According to statistics, the most critical and dangerous times are when vomiting and diarrhea occur together.
This situation causes very strong dehydration to your dog, which is thus at risk of dying. In such a way it is important that you are aware of the state of the evolution or involution of the disease. In this way, you will have the time necessary to contact the vet and treat the case effectively.
One recommendation for you to control a crisis like this is that you stay calm. Your faithful friend needs to see you stable and positive. If not, then he would worry more and perhaps go into a more depressed and anxious state of mind.
Special diets for a dog with parvo are soft diets. Which should be started just after the dog stops vomiting and presenting diarrhea. Among the recipes of the soft diet that you can start preparing is the popular chicken broth. It must be prepared without salt and avoiding all kinds of condiments, whether natural or artificial.
In the same way, you can use shredded chicken, cooked only in water, without salt or seasonings. In addition, to the soft diet we can add small portions of rice and cooked rice water. In some cases, canned goods are used that have enough liquid and are soft on the palate.
One factor that cannot be lacking in the diet is water. Even if it is being given serums, it is always good to urge the puppy to drink enough water. Which will be an excellent contribution to the desired hydration.
How Long Does it Take a Dog to Recover from Parvo?
After your pet has contracted the virus, you may wonder how long it will take for them to recover. This is an extremely reasonable and expected doubt because you don't want anything bad to happen to your partner. Despite this, the length of time the disease lasts within the body depends on several factors. Despite all the average period is between 5 to 12 days according to experts in the field.
There are some risk factors that determine how long the disease could last within the dog. These are as follows:
The age of the dog
Depending on the age, the virus can last shorter or longer in the dog's body. For example, if the virus enters and attacks a puppy's immune system, it will be slower to react. The main reason is that the immune system is still immature and it takes longer to respond to this attack. But if the case is that the dog is an adult then the situation changes and the defenses will be better prepared.
Whether they are vaccinated or not
A vaccinated dog is more likely to get rid of parvo much earlier than one that is not. Thus making the recovery much faster and less dramatic. Including the fact that the dog suffers much less thanks to the protection of the vaccine.
Quality medical care
If the dog receives excellent medical care, the necessary drugs, including proper hydration, parvo comes out quickly. Thus promoting a smooth and quick recovery.
Can a Dog Survive Parvo?
Your dog is in the critical stage of the disease and you begin to wonder if he will be saved. You need to keep in mind that everything depends on the specialized care and attention he receives.
In most cases, dogs manage to recover from this unpleasant situation. Although we cannot deny that deaths do occur, this is not usually common. However, it is important that you maintain a positive and hopeful attitude. Adding the fact that you put your hands to work from the first symptoms that appear.
One of the best ways to know that your puppy is recovering is by starting to be himself again. His spirits and his joy return for the things that he likes. In addition, when you approach him he seeks to play with you and no longer keeps his head down.
Recovery also manifests itself when the dog stops vomiting and the stools are no longer bloody. On the other hand, the color, smell and texture of the stool begin to return to normal. In the same way, he begins to feel hungry and asks for his favorite cookies.
With all these characteristics you can clearly recognize that your dog is recovering.
Recovery After Illness
When your dog gets better, it does not mean that everything ends there. Now is the time to start the recovery process. Which consists mainly of keeping the little one under surveillance at all times. It is essential that you observe their social and eating behavior to determine their health. But above all, the form and frequency of their excrement.
Likewise, taking care of food for a long time is very beneficial. You must follow the diet that the veterinarian will place for the indicated period of time. But above all, it is vital to keep the dog hydrated. The reason is that he had a great loss of fluid and body fluids during the condition.
Finally, having a good sleep routine will help him to recharge his dissipated forces. So see to it that he gets enough rest and is not physically exhausted during the first days of recovery.
How to Get Rid of Parvo in the House?
Finally, everything is going well! The dog has recovered and is at home. You feel happy, relieved and with more love than ever for your little furry friend. In spite of everything, it is necessary that you take some hygiene measures so that the virus does not attack again.
The first and really essential is to thoroughly clean the floors. Also including the areas of the house where the dog prefers to be. For this you can use a mixture of water, soap and bleach. When removing the disinfectant mixture, it is convenient to simply add water.
But for greater protection, it is at your discretion if you want to discard the objects of common use to your pet. We refer to bowls, toys, clothes, among others. On the other hand, you can disinfect them with the same mixture that you used to clean the floor.
How to Prevent Your Dog from Getting Parvo
Preventive measures for our canines are key when it comes to avoiding or reducing the risks of contracting parvovirus. These guidelines are as follows: