Owning a dog in Middle Eastern countries like Iran is not an easy topic. And even those who have dogs have a hard time managing them because there are several rules and laws that restrict them from the simplest of tasks, like walking the dog in public. Nevertheless, there are some very exciting Persian dog breeds. Take a look.
4 Different Persian Dog Breeds
1. Persian Greyhound or Saluki
The Saluki is much like a Greyhound in the sense that it is tall, slender, has a trim waist and a deep chest. An average male Persian Greyhound is about 23 to 28 inches tall and weighs about 35 to 65 pounds. The female dogs are a bit shorter and lighter.
They are famous for their floppy ears that are covered in long and silky hair as is the dog’s tail. The rest of the dog’s body actually has a short coat that is soft and comes in many different patterns and colors.
It is easy to maintain these dogs and they are also loyal and intelligent dogs. They are a little shy around strangers but are still quite gentle. So, if you have children you can rest assured that a Saluki will never hurt them. In fact, they tend to be extra careful around tiny humans. And they get along with other dogs too. So, it is a really great family dog.
They like a little bit of attention and will sit next to you when they want to be pampered a bit. But the downside is that they may experience separation anxiety if they end up bonding strongly with one member of the family. Unfortunately, this happens quite easily.
2. Persian Mastiff or Sarabi
Another Iranian dog to know is also one of the most powerful ones across the globe. The Persian Mastiff, also called the Sarabi dog, is originally from the Azerbaijan province in northern Iran. They are believed to belong to the molosser breed which is one of the oldest dogs in the region and lived in the kingdom of Mollosians.
These dogs were kept to guard the sheep from predators like wolves and bears. The Persian Mastiff is known to be a faithful and protective dog that is also fearless, as you would assume, since it was used against wolves and bears.
It is doubtful that you might need a dog to guard livestock but if you do, this is your guy. And even if that is not the case, this one does a good job when it comes to being a guard dog.
3. Kurdish Mastiff or Pshdar Dog
The third Persian dog to learn about is the Kurdish Mastiff. This is also believed to be an ancient one compared to all the breeds in the world. Back in the times of Assyrians and Babylonians, these dogs were believed to be bred by armies to fight predators like bears and wolves, much like the Persian Mastiff. It is also believed to have originated in Iraq and Turkey.
They are known to have a very high level of endurance but are still pretty laid back in nature. The Kurdish Mastiffs are also known for their loyalty and devotion to their humans. They are not very trusting of strangers, which makes them excellent guard dogs.
They have a very noticeable and impressive deep chest but small ears and a curly tail that is also long. The folds of the skin near the neck are one of the distinctive features of this breed.
The Kurdish Mastiff comes with a double coat in a range of colors. Most of them are a mix of white, black and gray. These dogs usually grow 30 to 35 inches tall and can weigh anywhere from 130 pounds to 200 pounds. Their average lifespan is 9 to 12 years.
4. Alabai or Central Asian Shepherd Dog
And finally, there is the Alabai or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. It is an ancient dog that was found in northern Iran among other central Asian countries back in the day. The Hyrcanian Mastiffs are believed to be one of the ancestors of this dog, which makes them very old. That is also why they have tendencies of guarding livestock which is one of the purposes of this breed of dogs.
This is a large dog and is usually found in two different categories because of the variation in its size. The larger Alabai dogs are used to hunt predators like bears. In fact, they were so good that they were imported to Russia for bear hunting. The smaller ones are usually used to hunt large cats.
An average Alabai dog is about 28 inches tall and no matter the size, they are all very strong and have good bones. They are particularly known for their impressively strong jaws, legs and torsos.
Some dogs have cropped tails and ears. The fur on their body is medium length and it is usually white with some dark patches. However, the ones that are entirely black have more value.