What is the most common complication of the myelodysplastic syndromes?
- Anemia. Reduced numbers of red blood cells can cause anemia, which can make you feel tired.
- Recurrent infections. Having too few white blood cells increases your risk of serious infections.
- Bleeding that won’t stop.
- Increased risk of cancer.
How do you know if MDS is progressing? MDS has a different type of staging system. Doctors classify the disease using the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R). Your IPSS-R score helps your doctor determine how fast your disease is likely to progress (your prognosis).
Can MDS lead to other cancers? Risk of development into leukaemia
Some people with MDS go on to develop acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), which is cancer of the white blood cells. This is known as “transformation”. It can take a few months or up to several years before transformation takes place.
Which tissue organ of human body is affected by myelodysplastic syndrome? Myelodysplastic syndromes happen when your blood stem cells don’t mature into healthy blood cells. Instead, these stem cells end up dying in your bone marrow or soon after they enter your bloodstream. In a sense, your bone marrow is like a shopkeeper who needs to keep perishable items moving so they can sell new items.