Retained testicles (Cryptorchidism or monorchidism) is a disease of dogs or puppies, most often of hereditary origin, which affects only males, since it is a handicap concerning the testes. While at first glance this may not seem like a big deal, this handicap can have serious consequences in the long run if the disease is not treated. It is therefore important to learn how to make a dog's testicle drop in order to be able to act in the best possible way.
What is cryptorchidism in dogs? What are its symptoms?
Canine cryptorchidism or retained testicles is a disability that affects males, preventing the testes from descending into the scrotum. Normally they drop by around ten days of age through the inguinal canal. But they may not drop, and in such cases, it is called canine cryptorchidism. There are two types:
The cryptorchidism or the monorchidism are not detectable by the veterinarian until the age of three months only, by palpation; the testicles being too small to be felt before this age.
The consequences of retained testicles in dogs
Although the problem may seem benign, in reality it is not, since it causes physical and behavioral problems in dogs:
Causes of retained testicles in dogs
It has been proven by scientific studies that canine cryptorchidism is an inherited disorder of genetic origin, though it is still unknown which gene precisely causes this handicap.
It will therefore be necessary to inquire with the breeder from whom you will adopt a puppy, concerning potential cryptorchidism affecting the father of the young pup, or even previous generations, to avoid as much as possible a cryptorchidic dog (in the case where you do not wish handle this kind of problem).
How to make a dog's testicle drop
Before considering a potential treatment, it is important to know that a dog's testicles that have not dropped may do so later. Indeed, even if they go down on average around the age of ten days, it can also be around the age of two months, up to six months at most. Beyond that, if one or both testicles have not dropped, the dog will officially be cryptorchid or monorchid.
Regarding the treatment itself, many experiments have been undertaken to bring down the missing testicle(s): hormonal treatments, treatment by surgery, but none have been really effective. Either the testicles ended up rising, or necrosis formed.
One method to make a dog's testicle drop, while not always effective, may work if the testicle(s) are not far from the scrotum. This is a kind of gentle traction massage, which must be repeated several times a day to potentially bring down what is missing. Although this technique is rather off-putting, it is nonetheless effective in some cases.
If the latter method has not worked and by the age of six months no testicle has descended, then the sterilization operation should be considered. This operation can be carried out from the age of ten months and quite simply, like a standard sterilization, in removing both testicles. This will prevent potential testicular tumors, and prevent excess testosterone production, thus preventing potential changes in the dog's mood.
Important: This article is for informational purposes only. We always recommend that you go to a trusted vet with your pet first.